This serie contains a set of entries considering various methods of optimizing software, binary output size optimization, performance optimization or memory usage optimization. Althought the topic is mainly important for embedded software which is characterized by small size of non-volatile storage, RAM memory, battery capacity or other resources, some of described methods can be also successfully applied to all types of software.


Low-level methods to make your embedded code more efficient, or less efficient, if done unnecessarily. The effects of such tricks are strongly dependant on the compiler and target machine. Always check the specific case before changing code!

Useful resources

Online interactive C++ compiler, presenting the output assembler code. You can play with various compiler options and code structure and watch assembler changes on the fly. https://gcc.godbolt.org/

performance optimization

  1. Improve performance with cache prefetching
  2. Loop unrolling

Binary size optimization

  1. Cross jumping/tail merging

MEMORY USAGE optimization

  1. Storing sparse matrix – list of lists LIL
  2. Struct members order does make a difference


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